Krav Maga (Hebrew קרב מגע “contact combat”) is a self-defence and military hand to hand combat system developed in Israel. It came to prominence following its adoption by various Israeli Security Forces and is now used by military and law enforcement personnel, as well as civilians, around the world. Today, it is widely acknowledged as the number 1 self defence system in the world. The adapted civilian version of Krav Maga teaches you to defend against knife and stick attacks, multiple attackers, gun threats, abductions, sexual assault and much more.
"What is Krav Maga?" - Avi Moyal Director IKMF
Krav Maga was developed by Imi Sde-Or (Lichtenfeld) in Israel in the 1940s.
When the State of Israel was created in 1948, it was immediately in a fight for survival: surrounded by countries who either invaded or intended to invade, with no proper army, no time to train one and few weapons. People were being sent to the front and told to fight with what they had.
Imi, as Chief Instructor for the newly-formed Israeli Defence Force, developed Krav Maga as simple but effective way of enabling soldiers to defend themselves. It needed to be quick to pick up and easy to remember under pressure, being taught to conscripts who may never have fought before. Before emigrating to Israel, Imi was a champion boxer, wrestler and expert in Judo and Ju-Jitsu in his home country of Slovakia.
His father was in charge of training detectives in Bratislava, which included teaching police defensive tactics. Imi had much first hand experience of street fighting as he and others defended the Jewish quarter of the city against attacks by local fascists in the run up to World War II.The success of Krav Maga saw it become part of the training programme for all Israeli military personel and police. Imi continued to refine the system, leaving the army in 1964. He then went on to develop Krav Maga for civilian use, and it became part of the national curriculum in Israeli schools.Krav Maga has spread all over the world, being used by security forces including the FBI, as well as in VIP protection, anti-terrorism and men, women and children of all ages.Imi died in 1998, at the age of 88.Avi Moyal is now the Chief Instructor of the International Krav Maga Federation (IKMF).
When the teaching of Krav Maga started to spread beyond the borders of Israel, arose a need to establish an international organisation. This happened mostly because the initial Krav Maga association at the time was divided and not functioning efficiently due to dissension amongst the higher graded instructors. Imi formed a new international Krav Maga federation with the support of his most loyal students and respected instructors.
Once the International Krav Maga Federation (IKMF) was finally formed, all expert and master diplomas, grades and levels as well as a new curriculum were authorised and approved by Imi. That included subsequent changes to the new IKMF curriculum in 1997.
Since 1996 the IKMF has expanded globally and is now the largest and most appreciated KM institution worldwide.
The IKMF has branched out and is successfully active locally, in Israel as well as in Australia, North America, South – east Asia, the Far East, most EU countries, and ex-communist countries (such as Poland, Russia and Hungary). The general structure of IKMF organisations in each country are relatively similar: a country/regional director responsible for the growth of KM in his/her country, and a team of highly qualified instructors to facilitate.
The IKMF trains and educates all types of trainees, with or without Krav Maga (or other martial art) background, such as civilian students, military personnel, security and protection staff, law-enforcement officers and instructors.
For further information regarding the IKMF organisational presence in the UK and Israel please follow the links provided.
Our primary focus at KMW is to provide a student with the ability to prevail in potentially life threatening situations.
A patch or belt is no true indication of how well a student will achieve that. Having said that the curriculum/grading system that we have in place provides the student with a logical, focused and systematic approach to learning core material which in turn makes the process of learning how to defend oneself easier.
The Krav Maga grading system is divided into 3 main categories; Practitioner, Graduate and Expert Levels. IKMF students can participate in classes, testing or workshops/seminars worldwide where they see the IKMF logo by simply showing their IKMF Passport, which they receive after taking their first test. Most Krav Maga students are ready for the level 1 test after 3-6 months (mandatory minimum) and thereafter every 6 months (subject to regular and intensive training). IKMF gradings are conducted by expert members of the IKMF global training team.
Each level has its own badges of merit which are colour coded as described.
Practioner Level (P1-P5)
Graduate Level (G1-G5)
Expert Level (E1-E5)
These are practitioner grading levels for Krav Maga students. The Students’ uniforms have white trim & logos on black attire. Their grading patches are gold with black bars representing their level i.e. 2 bar = Practitioner Level 2 (P2). The Practitioner Levels of Krav Maga are the core of the system. Students learn how to defend against the most common attacks, as well as building on their fighting skills and learning how to avoid a situation or what to do after a confrontation. Training also improves fitness, strength, flexibility and mental determination.
These are mainly Krav Maga instructors who wear red trim & logos on black attire. There may also be G level students who have not taken the instructor’s certification, thus don’t wear red trimmed uniforms. The grading patches are cobalt blue with black bars representing their level i.e. 1 bar = Graduate Level 1 (G1). Students are eligible to move into the Graduate program 6 months after completing their P5 grade. More advanced skills are taught at G level, including dealing with more complicated situations. Students are expected to have a full understanding of all the P grades and continue to keep those skills at a high level whilst progressing through the Graduate program.
These are high level instructors. Usually specialising or assisting in other areas such as Police, Special Units or Military instruction, in addition to their civilian qualification.
Their grading patches are gold with red bars.